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Cisternino

 
Cisternino is a village of ancient origins, located in the historic zone of Itria Valley (in Italian: Valle d'Itria), in the province of Brindisi and was certainly  inhabited in Roman times.
Originally a Messapian settlement, the town became a Roman municipium called Sturnium; in the Middle Ages, it belonged to an estate of Basilian monks.
Along with the nearby towns of Martina Franca and Locorotondo it marks the boundaries of Valle D'Itria.
The local architecture is typical of the region with an old Centro Storico (Historical Center) containing white washed stone buildings with cool, shaded, cave -like interiors, narrow streets and churches.

The old quarter has that typically oriental look, with houses built around an inner courtyard and outer staircases  leading to the upper floors.
The town also features several community squares, each of which are built on the edge of the hill allowing for some spectacular views.
The whitewashed houses of this net and charming town perched  on a hilltop are surrounded by the bright green vegetation of the surrounding area.
The hamlet is also known for its 'trulli', prehistorical conical, dry stone built buildings, stone walls (muretti a secco) and its fertile soil, making it home to the Salento wine region.
Evidence would suggest that the region was also a seasonal home to ancient hunter gatherer humans and there  have been several Bronze Age finds, including different types of hand tools.  
An interesting Dolmen of remarkable size is still preserved near the Masseria Ottava , a farm nearby. 
 
Getting there.
Roma - Cisternino - Via E 45 - 
To E842/A16/
Autostrada Napoli-Canosa/Autostrada dei Due Mari toward A14/Bari-Taranto/Brindisi-Lecce
533 Km. - 5.30 hours
Monuments:
Among its attractions,  a Norman Tower  with a quadrangular layout, and the renovated Romanesque Church of St Nicola.
The church houses a 1517 statue of the Madonna con il Bambino (the Madonna with Child) by Stefano da Putignano, better known as the Madonna del Cardellino.
 
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