In ancient times only the northern part of the region was called Apulia; the southern peninsula was known as Calabria, a name now used to designate the southwestern tip of the Italian peninsula (the "toe" of the Italian "boot").
Le Puglie, the Italian name of this region, is in the plural form and, in fact, this is a place that conceals many souls. The “heel” of the boot, Apulia, as it is known in English, is, an enchanting region that lays amid nature, history, tradition, gusto and spirituality, to be visited all year round.

Bordered by the other Italian regions of Molise to the north, Campania to the west, and Basilicata to the southwest. It neighbors Greece and Albania, across the Ionian and Adriatic Seas, respectively.

A voyage to Apulia is not just a journey to a foreign country. A voyage to Apulia is a mix of profound sensations capable of enriching all targets of visitors: those who love culture, those who love history, those who love the incredible beaches and the breathtaking panoramas. 

From north to south, the region boasts parks and protected areas, marine sanctuaries and caves and a rural landscape, giving visitors the opportunity to learn about the lifestyle of the people and their land.
Sea lovers can take their pick, choosing between the cliffs of Otranto and Santa Maria di Leuca, or Gallipoli, the “Gem of Salento” and the “Spur of Italy”, jutting out to the clear sea water that guards the beautiful Tremiti Islands.
A beach holiday in this region involves a preliminary assessment of its coasts. Puglia has a coastline of more than 800 km, the longest coastal extension after the main islands, Sardinia and Sicily. In the easternmost point of Italy, Capo d'Otranto in the homonymous city  the sea changes name  from Adriatic to Ionian.The Ionian coast bordering Basilicata is characterized by white sand beaches  and in the Gulf of Taranto is surrounded by beautiful pine forests.
The choice of the location that suits you for your next vacation in the sea of Puglia has to take account of the fact that coastal development varies from area to area. The coast of the Gargano area  is indeed rocky, while from Manfredonia down to Barletta  the coast is low and sandy. The territory of Bari  alternates low rocks and sand, with the exception of Polignano a Mare that has the features cliff rocks. In Monopoli and down to Otranto the coast is mostly sandy, while in Salento are predominantly the rocky areas .
There are plenty of opportunities for those who love the excitement of exploring the charming and mysterious environment of the sea. The crystal-clear waters of the Tremiti Islands create a wonderful view, animated by coves, caves and deep seabeds, coloured by a lush vegetation and populated by many species of fish.
San Domino, San Nicola, Capraia, Cretaccio and Pianosa are the five islands of the Tremiti Archipelago.
Puglia is not just about sea. If you want to discover the wonders of nature in this territory, or get to know its history and traditions there are many itineraries to choose from. For those who love excursions and nature walks the rugged topography of the Murge  National Park, can give unexpected emotions. The name stems from the Latin murex, meaning "sharp stone". It includes most of the provinces of Bari and Barletta-Andria-Trani and extends to the west and into the province of Matera, in Basilicata, also extends to the south in the provinces of Brindisi and Taranto.
It is  divided into Alta Murgia (High Murgia), the highest area, with poorer vegetation, and Bassa Murgia (Lower Murgia), with more fertile land, prevalently cultivated with olives. Typical characteristics in the southern part of the murge are the ravines, a karst erosion comparable to American Canyons, with steep walls.
The provinces of the region are: Bari (regional capital), BrindisiFoggia, Lecce and Taranto and the newly established Barletta-Andria-Trani. 
A must see is Alberobello, (in the province of Bari) the town of the Trulli, peculiar stone houses with a conical roof, constructed without mortar, part of the UNESCO World Heritage sites list since 1996.  
Another site protected as a World Heritage is Castel del Monte in the town of Adria, a masterpiece of medieval architecture from the thirteenth century.The octagonal plan is unusual in castle design. Historians have debated the purpose of the building and it has been suggested that it was intended as a hunting lodge.
Religious sites to see : San Giovanni Rotondo (Foggia province), to pay homage to Padre Pio, a well-known Italian saint who died there 40 years ago, the monastery of Capuchin friars of Santa Maria delle Grazie where he died, and the new church.
In Puglia too, there are many patronal festivals, fairs and other historical celabrations .The most famous, the Carnival of Putignano,( February) and the Barletta's challange (la Disfida di Barletta).
The Challenge of Barletta was a duel held February 13, 1503 in the plain between Andria and Corato, in the territory of Trani between thirteen Italian knights and French knights. The confrontation ended with the victory of the Italians.
And...for the Tarantella lovers, held during the 2nd week of August is the now world's famous Notte of the Taranta  musical festival. ( The night of the spider). Absolutely a "miss me not". 
The cuisine is mainly characterized by the prominence given to the raw material, both land and sea, and the fact that all the ingredients are precisely designed to enhance and not to modify the basic flavors of the products used.Like many other southern regions, the main base ingredients are durum wheat, vegetables and olive oil combined with meat and fish.
Typical dishes are the various version of the home made  orecchiette  so called because of their shape, which reminds one of a small ear. ( In italian orecchiette means small ears), the famous strascinati also in more then one version. Followed by the mignuicchie, fenescecchie, troccoli, sagne 'ncannuate and cicatedde.
Orecchiette Strascinati with squid, shrimp and artichoke Home made sagne 'ncannuate al ragu' with swordfish and eggplant
Those who have a sweet tooth will find lots of temptations with dried fruit, honey, mulled wine, candied fruit and chocolate. Among the quality products, awarded with the protection of quality marks PDO (Protected Designation of Origin) or RGI (Regional Geographical Indication), are Altamura bread, famous for its crispness, sweet and juicy Clementine Tangerines  from the Gulf of Taranto, the Bella della Daunia, a type of olive cultivated in the area of Foggia since 1400, and the famous wines and extra-virgin olive oils all with their very own characteristics according to their production area.


Accommodations-Products & Services in the Region Apulia
Strutture ricettive-Prodotti & Servizi nella Regione Puglia
In the lovely countries of the South-East of the province of Bari, in the town of Turi, the company Tarall’oro was born in 1982. Born as a producer of taralli (genuine and natural snack typical of the South of Italy), its mission has been from the beginning on to satisfy the best possible his customers. In a few years, the company has decided to offer to its clientele new products, keeping the quality of origin, and launching this way a new line of artisan pasta which is welcomed on the market. Pasta is produced using extra calibrated semolina obtained by extraction of the best durum wheat of the Murges area in Puglia >>> www
GR.A.M.M. Srl produces pasta made with high quality semolina under several prestigious brands around the world with European quality certifications.Our “caserecci” (homemade) product line is obtained by using artisan processing with small machines that make a product identical to handmade. This is obtained by a combined action of a cutter and a dragger roller that gives the same product shape, consistency and general characteristics of handmade products. Our bronze die pasta cuts are the typical rough pasta cuts obtained by a very traditional production process made by pressure against the bronze die and a cutter >>> www
Since 1988, our main target has been the research, development and production of natural and organic solutions for Beauty Care, Health Care and Home Care. All of our products are expressly made to reach full Customer satisfaction, by reaching the Companies needs to increase the relationship with Customers and to underline the brand value. Our products are well appreciated all over the world, thanks to our high quality standards and the seriousness and professionalism of our Customers.We are specialized in customizing products with personalized packaging thanks to our “Tailor-made” concept, where we take care of each detail of our customer's project. >>>  www
Directly managed by the Cassetta family, official Olive Oil taster for four generations, SUD ITALIA ALIMENTARI SRL can supply customers with four different 100% Italian certified Extra Virgin Olive Oils, including D.O.P. Terra di Bari, Organic and two different types, delicate and light fruity, as well as Olive Oil and Olive Pomace Oil, all packed in 250, 500, 750, 1000 and 5000 ml glass bottles and in 5 lt metallic tins or PET bottles with very competitive prices >>> www
The Ciccolella family owns a shimmering green landscape of olive trees,with more then 5,000 including the Coratina and  Ogliarola variety. The farm is located in the province of Bari, between Giovinazzo, Molfetta and Terlizzi. Today the farm is headed by Mr Giuseppe Ciccolella. The Coppadoro line stands out for its organoeleptic properties. The color is yellow-green, medium fruity flavor, taste of olive with fresh grassy, slight bitter and spicy sensation... >>> www
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